(CNN) — Here is a look at the 2014 Atlantic hurricane season.
Facts: The 2014 Atlantic hurricane season runs from June 1 to November 30. The areas covered include the North Atlantic Ocean, Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea.
The National Weather Service defines a hurricane as “an intense tropical weather system with well-defined circulation and sustained winds of 74 mph (64 knots) or higher.”
Hurricanes are rated according to intensity on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale.
The 1-5 scale estimates potential property damage.
A Category 3 or higher is considered a major hurricane.
The National Hurricane Center advises preparedness:
A hurricane watch indicates the possibility that a region could experience hurricane conditions within 48 hours.
A hurricane warning indicates that sustained winds of at least 74 mph are expected within 36 hours.
Predictions: April 10, 2014 – Forecasters William Gray and Phil Klotzbach of Colorado State University release their 2014 hurricane season predictions: nine named storms and three hurricanes, one of them major.
May 22, 2014 – The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration forecasts a near-normal or below-normal hurricane season, predicting that there is a 70 percent chance of having eight to 13 named storms, of which three to six could develop into hurricanes, including one to two major hurricanes (Categories 3-5).
2014 Atlantic Storm Names: Hurricane Arthur July 1, 2014 – Tropical Storm Arthur forms off the east coast of Florida. July 3, 2014 – Strengthens into a hurricane. Later, strengthens to a Category 2 storm and makes landfall at 11:15 p.m. between Cape Lookout and Beaufort, North Carolina. July 5, 2014 – Arthur weakens to a post-tropical cyclone over Canada.
Hurricane Bertha July 31, 2014 – Forms in the Atlantic Ocean. August 4, 2014 – Strengthens into a hurricane. August 6, 2014 – Dissipates south of Halifax, Nova Scotia.
Hurricane Cristobal August 24, 2014 – Tropical Storm Cristobal forms near the southeastern Bahamas. August 25, 2014 – Strengthens into a hurricane. August 29, 2014 – Cristobal weakens to a post-tropical cyclone over the north Atlantic Ocean.
Tropical Storm Dolly September 2, 2014 – Tropical Storm Dolly forms in the Bay of Campeche and later makes landfall near Tampico, Mexico. September 3, 2014 – Dissipates over eastern Mexico.
Hurricane Edouard September 11, 2014 – Tropical Storm Edouard forms in the central Atlantic Ocean. September 14, 2014 – Develops into a Category 1 hurricane. September 15, 2014 – Strengthens into a Category 2. September 16, 2014 – Briefly strengthens into a Category 3 hurricane before weakening to a Category 2 then Category 1 hurricane. September 19, 2014 – Edouard weakens to a post-tropical cyclone without ever making landfall.
Hurricane Fay October 11, 2014 – Tropical Storm Fay forms south of Bermuda. October 12, 2014 – Passes over Bermuda as a tropical storm. Fay develops into a Category 1 hurricane and later weakens back into a tropical storm. October 13, 2014 – Fay dissipates over the north central Atlantic Ocean.
Hurricane Gonzalo October 12, 2014 – Tropical Storm Gonzalo forms east of the Leeward Islands. October 13, 2014 – Strengthens into a Category 1 hurricane while passing through the northern Leeward Islands. October 14, 2014 – Overnight develops into a Category 2 hurricane and later strengthens into a Category 3 hurricane. October 15, 2014 – Gonzalo strengthens to a Category 4 hurricane. October 19, 2014 – Gonzalo becomes an extratropical cyclone in the far North Atlantic.
Tropical Storm Hanna October 27, 2014 – Tropical Storm Hanna forms off the coast of Nicaragua. It dissipates by the end of the day. Isaias Josephine Kyle Laura Marco Nana Omar Paulette Rene Sally Teddy Vicky Wilfred
™ & © 2014 Cable News Network, Inc., a Time Warner Company. All rights reserved.